Cancer Incidence - Cervical

This indicator reports the age adjusted incidence rate (cases per 100,000 population per year) of females with cervical cancer adjusted to 2000 U.S. standard population age groups (Under age 1, 1-4, 5-9, ..., 80-84, 85 and older). This indicator is relevant because cancer is a leading cause of death and it is important to identify cancers separately to better target interventions.
Report Area Sample Population
(Female)
New Cases (Annual Average) Cancer Incidence Rate
(Per 100,000 Pop.)
Franklin County, PA 8,080 8 9.9
Pennsylvania 694,804 535 7.7
United States 16,202,597 12,476 7.7
HP 2020 Target <= 7.1
Note: This indicator is compared with the state average. Green - Better than state average, Red - Worse than state average.
Data Source: National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program. State Cancer Profiles. 2008 - 12. Source geography: County

Cervical Cancer Incidence Rate (Per 100,000 Pop.) by Race / Ethnicity
Report Area White Black Asian / Pacific Islander American Indian / Alaskan Native Hispanic or Latino
Franklin County, PA 10 no data no data no data no data
Pennsylvania no data no data no data no data no data
United States 7.5 9.8 6.3 6.6 10.2
Cervical Cancer Incidence (Average Annual New Cases) by Race / Ethnicity
Report Area White Black Asian / Pacific Islander American Indian / Alaskan Native Hispanic / Latino
Franklin County, PA 7 no data no data no data no data
Pennsylvania no data no data no data no data no data
United States 9,571 2,012 559 121 2,028
Website Updated August 2016

Cancer Incidence - Cervical

Data Background

The State Cancer Profiles website provides statistics to help guide and prioritize cancer control activities at the state and local levels. State Cancer Profiles are a collaborative effort of the National Cancer Institute (NCI) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The incidence rates tables accessed through the State Cancer Profiles website provide incidence statistics compiled from state and local cancer registries. Statistics are available for those states with cancer registries whose data have met the criteria required for inclusion in the US Cancer Statistics. Data is provided for use in assessing the burden and risk for a major cancer site for the US overall or for a selected state and its counties.

State-based cancer registries are data systems that collect, manage, and analyze data about cancer cases and cancer deaths. In each state, medical facilities (including hospitals, physicians' offices, therapeutic radiation facilities, freestanding surgical centers, and pathology laboratories) report these data to a central cancer registry. State cancer registries receive funding and program guidance through the CDC’s National Program of Cancer Registries and the National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) program.

For more information, please visit the State Cancer Profiles website.

Methodology

Annual incidence rates are acquired for all US states and counties as an average for years 2008-2012 from the State Cancer Profiles Incidence Rates Tables. This source provides the average annual incidence of new cancer cases, as well as incidence rates, age adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. The new case counts (incidence) used to generate the State Cancer Profiles data tables are provided by the National Program of Cancer Registries Cancer Surveillance System (NPCR-CSS), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and by the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program.

In order to perform aggregate (multi-county or service area) incidence rate estimates with the data provided, age-adjusted total populations are first back-calculated using the following formula:

Adj. Population = ([Cancer Incidence] / ([Adj. Incidence Rate] / 100,000) )

This estimated population figure is then used in the formula to re-calculate age-adjusted cancer rates as follows:

Adj. Incidence Rate = 100,000 * ([Cancer Incidence] / [Adj. Population])

For more information about the State Cancer Profiles data, including age-adjustment and data suppression, please visit the SEER*Stat website.

Notes

Data Limitations
1. County-level data are not available for the states of Kansas and Minnesota because of state legislation and regulations which prohibit the release of county level data to outside entities
2. Data are not available for the state of Nevada.
3. Data for the state of Michigan do not include cases diagnosed in other states because data exchange agreements prohibit the release of data to third parties.

Race and Ethnicity
Cancer statistics from the State Cancer Profiles database are reported by race alone (White, Black, Amer. Indian/AK Native, and Asian) or by ethnicity alone (Hispanic), or for the white Hispanic and white non-Hispanic population. NHIA (NAACCR Hispanic Identification Algorithm) was used to determine Hispanic ethnicity. See the Technical Notes section of the 2003 United States Cancer Statistics Report for more information.

Data Suppression
Suppression is used to avoid misinterpretation when rates are unstable. Data is suppressed when the number of cases is less than 16 (for each county/cancer/population group combination) over the time period monitored, or when the total population (per race-ethnicity-sex grouping) of the report area is less than 50,000

Courtesy: Community Commons, <www.communitycommons.org>, August 2016