HIV Prevalence

This indicator reports prevalence rate of HIV per 100,000 population. This indicator is relevant because HIV is a life- threatening communicable disease that disproportionately affects minority populations and may also indicate the prevalence of unsafe sex practices.
Report Area Population Age 13+ Population with HIV / AIDS Population with HIV / AIDS,
Rate (Per 100,000 Pop.)
Franklin County, PA 127,116 131 103.06
Pennsylvania 10,862,772 32,547 299.62
United States 263,765,822 931,526 253.16
Note: This indicator is compared with the state average. Green - Better than state average, Red - Worse than state average.
Data Source: US Department of Health & Human Services, Health Indicators Warehouse. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention. 2013. Source geography: County

HIV Prevalence Rate by Race / Ethnicity
Report Area Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black Hispanic / Latino
Franklin County, PA 62.34 914.08 376.24
Pennsylvania 114.6 1,427.9 838.4
United States 174 1,243.8 462
HIV Prevalence Rate (Per 100,000 Pop.) by Year, 2008 through 2011
Report Area 2008 2009 2010
Franklin County, PA 101 102.3 101.4
Pennsylvania 281.68 290.12 292.3
United States 327.37 335.38 342.17
Website Updated August 2016

HIV Prevalence

Data Background

The Health Indicator Warehouse is the official repository of the nation's health data, providing public access to the information resources of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA), and others. When applicable, data can be obtained grouped by various information, including state, county, gender, race, ethnicity, and educational attainment.

The National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD), and Tuberculosis (TB) Prevention (NCHHSTP) is the branch of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) responsible for public health surveillance, prevention research, and programs to prevent and control HIV and AIDS, other STDs, viral hepatitis, and TB. NCHHSTP developed a set of indicators to monitor the prevalence and track its progress toward ending these diseases in each state, and regularly reports its progress. The NCHHSTEP program includes data from new patient case reports from 56 areas (all 50 states, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands).

Methodology

Cases of a given STD refer to confirmed diagnoses during a given time period. For example, the 2010 data on gonorrhea infection would include persons with laboratory-confirmed infection diagnosed between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2010, and reported to CDC through June 8, 2011. Rates per 100,000 population were calculated for each STD. The population denominators used to compute these rates for the 50 states and the District of Columbia were based on the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) bridged-race population counts for the 2000–2010. These estimates are a modification of the U.S. Census Bureau population estimates in which the 31 race categories used by the Census Bureau are bridged into the five race/ethnicity groups that have been historically used to report race data for STD cases. Each rate was calculated by dividing the number of cases for the calendar year by the population for that calendar year and then multiplying the number by 100,000.

For more information, visit the NCHHSTP Atlas and click on the “About these data and footnotes” link.

Notes

Race and Ethnicity
Race and ethnicity (Hispanic origin) are collected as two separate categories by state departments of health based on methods established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 1997. Data reported from the CDC National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP) is available by combined race and ethnicity, and is reported only for state and national data summaries. County level statistics by race and ethnicity are not provided for this indicator from the data source. Detailed race/ethnicity data may be available from a local source.

Courtesy: Community Commons, <www.communitycommons.org>, August 2016