Income - Per Capita Income

The per capita income for the report area is $25,540. This includes all reported income from wages and salaries as well as income from self-employment, interest or dividends, public assistance, retirement, and other sources. The per capita income in this report area is the average (mean) income computed for every man, woman, and child in the specified area.
Report Area Total Population Total Income ($) Per Capita Income ($)
Franklin County, PA 151,517 $3,869,791,744 $25,540
Pennsylvania 12,758,729 $368,884,285,440 $28,912
United States 314,107,072 $8,969,237,037,056 $28,554
Note: This Indicator is compared with the state average. Green - Better than state average, Red - Worse than state average.
Data Source: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey. 2010-2014. Source geography: Tract

Per Capita Income by Race Alone
Report Area White Black or African American Native American / Alaska Native Asian Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander Some Other Race Multiple Race
Franklin County, PA $26,302 $15,408 $23,553 $10,416 $0 $14,749 $10,056
Pennsylvania $31,136 $17,878 $30,683 $18,004 $18,120 $12,894 $12,665
United States $31,402 $19,113 $32,404 $17,134 $20,638 $15,152 $15,876
Per Capita Income by Ethnicity Alone
Report Area Hispanic / Latino Not Hispanic / Latino
Franklin County, PA $11,758 $26,218
Pennsylvania $14,861 $29,833
United States $16,367 $31,033
Per Capita Income by Race/Ethnicity, Disparity Index
Report Area Disparity Index Score
(0 = No Disparity; 1 - 40 = Some Disparity; Over 40 = High Disparity)
Franklin County, PA 37.27
Pennsylvania 30.68
United States 29.2
Website Updated August 2016

Income - Per Capita Income

Data Background

The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide, continuous survey designed to provide communities with reliable and timely demographic, housing, social, and economic data. The ACS samples nearly 3 million addresses each year, resulting in nearly 2 million final interviews. The ACS replaces the long-form decennial census; however, the number of household surveys reported annually for the ACS is significantly less than the number reported in the long-form decennial census. As a result, the ACS combines detailed population and housing data from multiple years to produce reliable estimates for small counties, neighborhoods, and other local areas. Negotiating between timeliness and accuracy, the ACS annually releases current, one-year estimates for geographic areas with large populations; three-year and five-year estimates are also released each year for additional areas based on minimum population thresholds.

Citation: U.S. Census Bureau: A Compass for Understanding and Using American Community Survey Data (2008).

For more information about this source, including data collection methodology and definitions, refer to the American Community Survey website.


Total income and total area population data are acquired from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. Data represent estimates for the 5 year period 2010-2014. Mapped data are summarized to 2010 census tract boundaries. Per capita income is the mean money income received in the past 12 months computed for every man, woman, and child in a geographic area. It is derived by dividing the total income of all people 15 years old and over in a geographic area by the total population in that area based on the following formula:

Per Capita Income = [Total Income of Population Age 15+] / [Total Population]

For more information on the data reported in the American Community Survey, please see the complete American Community Survey 2014 Subject Definitions.


Trends Over Time
The American Community Survey multi-year estimates are based on data collected over 5 years. For any given consecutive release of ACS 5-year estimates, 4 of the 5 years overlap. The Census Bureau discourages direct comparisons between estimates for overlapping periods; use caution when interpreting this data.

Race and Ethnicity
Race and ethnicity (Hispanic origin) are collected as two separate categories in the American Community Survey (ACS) based on methods established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 1997. Indicator race and ethnicity statistics are generated from self-identified survey responses. Using the OMB standard, the available race categories in the ACS are: White, Black, American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian, and Other. An ACS survey respondent may identify as one race alone, or may choose multiple races. Respondents selecting multiple categories are racially identified as “Two or More Races”. The minimum ethnicity categories are: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino. Respondents may only choose one ethnicity. All social and economic data are reported in the ACS public use files by race alone, ethnicity alone, and for the white non-Hispanic population.

Data Limitations
Beginning in 2006, the population in group quarters (GQ) was included in the ACS. The part of the group quarters population in the poverty universe (for example, people living in group homes or those living in agriculture workers’ dormitories) is many times more likely to be in poverty than people living in households. Direct comparisons of the data would likely result in erroneous conclusions about changes in the poverty status of all people in the poverty universe.

Index of Disparity (ID)
The Index of Disparity (ID) used with this indicator was adopted by researchers at the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and the National Institute of Health (NIH) for use with Healthy People 2010 and 2020 guidelines. This index measures the magnitude of variation in indicator percentages across groups - in this case racial and ethnic groups. Specifically, the index of disparity is defined as "the average of the absolute differences between rates for specific groups within a population and the overall population rate, divided by the rate for the overall population and expressed as a percentage". The ID values for the indicator displayed here are calculated from American Community Survey 2008-12 5-year estimates using the following four population subgroups: Non-Hispanic White; Hispanic or Latino; Black or African American; and Other Race. The Other Race category includes Asian, Native American / Alaskan Native, Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander, Multiple Race, and Some Other Race populations.
The ID can be expressed using the following formula:

Index of Disparity = 100.0 * ( ( SUM ( |r - R| ) / n) / R )

...where r is the sub-group rate and R is the total population rate. Index values range from 0 (where all sub-groups are equal) to infinity. Index values are heavily dependent on the total population value ( R ), so comparisons should be made across geographic areas (county vs. state vs. nation), and not across indicators.

For more information on the index of disparity, please see the NIH research article A Summary Measure of Health Disparity.

Courtesy: Community Commons, <>, August 2016