Infant Mortality

This indicator reports the rate of deaths to infants less than one year of age per 1,000 births. This indicator is relevant because high rates of infant mortality indicate the existence of broader issues pertaining to access to care and maternal and child health.
Report Area Total Births Total Infant Deaths Infant Mortality Rate (Per 1,000 Births)
Franklin County, PA 9,455 61 6.4
Pennsylvania 733,495 5,428 7.4
United States 20,913,535 136,369 6.5
HP 2020 Target <= 6.0
Note: This indicator is compared with the state average. Green - Better than state average, Red - Worse than state average.
Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Vital Statistics System. Accessed via CDC WONDER. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Wide-Ranging Online Data for Epidemiologic Research. 2006-10. Source geography: County

Infant Mortality Rate (Per 1,000 Live Births) by Race / Ethnicity
Report Area Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black Non-Hispanic Asian Non-Hispanic American Indian / Alaskan Native Hispanic or Latino
Franklin County, PA 6.5 no data no data no data no data
Pennsylvania 5.6 13.5 5.2 10.3 8.2
United States 5.5 12.7 4.5 8.5 5.4
Website Updated August 2016

Infant Mortality

Data Background

The Area Health Resource File (AHRF) is a database of information about the U.S. health care system, maintained and released annually by the U.S. Health and Human Services (HHS) Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA). The AHRF contains more than 6,000 variables, aggregated for each of the nation's counties. The ARF contains information on health facilities, health professions, health status, economic activity, health training programs, measures of resource scarcity, and socioeconomic and environmental characteristics. In addition, the basic file contains geographic codes and descriptors which enable it to be linked to many other files and to aggregate counties into various geographic groupings.

The ARF integrates data from numerous primary data sources including: the American Hospital Association, the American Medical Association, the American Dental Association, the American Osteopathic Association, the Bureau of the Census, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (formerly Health Care Financing Administration), Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics and the Veteran’s Administration.

For more information, please visit HRSA’s Area Health Resource File website.

Methodology

This indicator reports the total number of births and the 5-year average infant mortality rate for years 2006-10, as reported in the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) 2014-15 Area Resource File (ARF). The total number of infant deaths occurring this time period are back-calculated based on the reported figures. Mortality rates represent the number of deaths to infants under age 1 per 1,000 total live births, based on the following formula:

Rate = [Total Deaths Under Age 1] / [Total Births] * 1,000

The ARF documentation states the following about the infant mortality data:
The NCHS Mortality Data were obtained from the National Center for Health Statistics Detail Mortality data files, as compiled from data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program. The number of infant deaths for a county are based on place of residence; non residents of the US are excluded. Averages are provided rather than actual data for each year because of data use restrictions required by NCHS beginning with 1989 data.

For additional information, please review the documentation for the HRSA ARF, available for download here.

Notes

Race and Ethnicity
Race and ethnicity (Hispanic origin) are collected as two separate categories by state departments of health based on methods established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 1997. Data reported from the CDC is available by combined race and ethnicity, and is reported here only for state and national data summaries. County level statistics by race and ethnicity are not provided for this indicator due to sample size limitations. Detailed race/ethnicity data may be available from a local source.

Data Suppression
Suppression is used to avoid misinterpretation when rates are unstable. Data is suppressed when there are fewer than 10 cases in the numerator (for each county / population group combination) over the report period.

Courtesy: Community Commons, <www.communitycommons.org>, August 2016