Mortality - Homicide

This indicator reports the rate of death due to assault (homicide) per 100,000 population. Figures are reported as crude rates, and as rates age-adjusted to year 2000 standard. Rates are resummarized for report areas from county level data, only where data is available. This indicator is relevant because homicide rate is a measure of poor community safety and is a leading cause of premature death.
Report Area Total Population Average Annual Deaths,
2007-2011
Crude Death Rate
(Per 100,000 Pop.)
Age-Adjusted Death Rate
(Per 100,000 Pop.)
Franklin County, PA 150,490 4 2.5 no data
Pennsylvania 12,729,892 670 5.3 5.5
United States 311,430,373 16,421 5.3 5.3
HP 2020 Target <= 5.5
Note: This indicator is compared with the state average.
Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Vital Statistics System. Accessed via CDC WONDER. 2009-13. Source geography: County

Homicide Mortality, Age-Adjusted Rate (Per 100,000 Pop.) by Gender
Report Area Male Female
Franklin County, PA no data no data
Pennsylvania 9 2.1
United States 8.4 2.3
Homicide Mortality, Age-Adjusted Rate (Per 100,000 Pop.) by Race / Ethnicity
Report Area Non-Hispanic White Non-Hispanic Black Asian or Pacific Islander American Indian / Alaskan Native Hispanic or Latino
Franklin County, PA no data no data no data no data no data
Pennsylvania 2 26.9 2.1 no data 8.4
United States 2.6 18.9 1.9 5.8 5.1
Homicide Mortality, Age-Adjusted Rate (Per 100,000 Pop.) by Year, 2002 through 2013
Report Area 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Pennsylvania 5.4 5.7 5.8 6.3 6.4 6.3 5.8 5.4 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.3
United States 6.1 6.1 5.9 6.2 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.5 5.3 5.3 5.4 5.2
Website Updated August 2016

Mortality - Homicide

Data Background

The Division of Vital Statistics is a branch of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) responsible for maintaining birth and death records for the nation. Data are compiled for the National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) through a joint effort between the NCHS and various state and local health agencies, who are responsible for registering vital events – births, deaths, marriages, divorces, and fetal deaths. NVSS statistics are released annually in various data warehouses, including CDC WONDER , VitalStats, and the Health Indicator Warehouse .

Methodology

County population figures and death statistics are acquired using CDC WONDER from the Underlying Cause of Death database. Conditions were queried for years 2006-2010 based on a selection of codes from the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), Version 10. The ICD-10 is the current global health information standard for mortality and morbidity statistics. The ICD has been maintained by the World Health Organization since its conception in 1948. A searchable, detailed list of current ICD- 10 Codes (Version 2010) is available from the World Health Organization.

Mortality rates were acquired from the source age-adjusted to the year 2000 U.S. standard. To recalculate age-adjusted mortality rates for unique service areas and aggregated county groupings, the following formula was used:

Mortality Rate = [SUM(Total Population) * ((Age-Adjusted Rate)/100,000)] / [SUM(Total Population)] * 100,000.

The specific codes used for reported mortality indicators are listed below.

  • Assault (homicide): U01-U02, X85-Y09, Y87.1
  • Cerebrovascular disease (stroke): I60-I69
  • Coronary (ischaemic) heart disease:I20-I25
  • Chronic lower respiratory disease: J40-J47
  • Heart disease: I00–I09, I11, I13, I20–I51
  • Intentional self-harm (suicide): U03, X60-X84, Y87.0
  • Malignant neoplasm (cancer): C00-C97
  • Motor vehicle accident: V01-V79
  • Unintentional injury (accident): V01-X59, Y85-Y86
  • Notes

    Data Suppression
    Suppression is used to avoid misinterpretation when rates are unstable. Data is suppressed when the total number of cases is less than 10 (for each county/cause of death/population group) over the time period monitored. Rates should be considered unreliable when calculated with a numerator (number of cases) less than 20.

    Trends Over Time
    Trends over time are produced using single-year mortality data from the CDC WONDER query system. Use caution when comparing single-year mortality rates with 5-year aggregate mortality rates. Trend data is available for states and for the total US; county-level data is not provided due to data suppression / low numerator counts.

    Race and Ethnicity
    Race and ethnicity (Hispanic origin) are collected as two separate categories by state vital statistics registries based on methods established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 1997. All mortality statistics from the CDC WONDER databases are available by race alone (White, Black, Amer. Indian/AK Native, and Asian) ethnicity alone (Hispanic, Non- Hispanic), or by combined race and ethnicity. Data is reported here in combination, and thus may be subject to higher suppression than if reported separately.

    Courtesy: Community Commons, <www.communitycommons.org>, August 2016