Population with Limited English Proficiency

This indicator reports the percentage of the population aged 5 and older who speak a language other than English at home and speak English less than "very well." This indicator is relevant because an inability to speak English well creates barriers to healthcare access, provider communications, and health literacy/education.
Report Area Population Age 5+ Population Age 5+ with Limited English Proficiency Percent Population Age 5+ with Limited English Proficiency
Franklin County, PA 142,700 3,161 2.22%
Pennsylvania 12,061,898 492,286 4.08%
United States 296,603,003 25,410,756 8.57%
Data Source: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey. 2011-15. Source geography: Tract

Population with Limited English Proficiency by Ethnicity Alone
Report Area Total Hispanic / Latino Total Not Hispanic / Latino Percent Hispanic / Latino Percent Not Hispanic / Latino
Franklin County, PA 2,148 1,013 33.49% 0.74%
Pennsylvania 201,388 290,898 27.67% 2.57%
United States 15,846,293 9,564,463 32.27% 3.86%
Population with Limited English Proficiency by Race Alone, Percent
Report Area White Black or African American Native American / Alaska Native Asian Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander Some Other Race Multiple Race
Franklin County, PA 1.66% 0.09% 0% 0.27% 0% 0.3% 0.06%
Pennsylvania 2.3% 0.34% 0.03% 1.39% 0.01% 0.73% 0.16%
United States 5.97% 0.5% 0.08% 2.43% 0.03% 2.3% 0.26%
Population with Limited English Proficiency by Race Alone, Total
Report Area White Black or African American Native American / Alaska Native Asian Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander Some Other Race Multiple Race
Franklin County, PA 2,205 119 0 360 0 402 75
Pennsylvania 228,052 33,558 3,205 138,138 739 72,313 16,281
United States 13,108,814 1,097,868 176,558 5,331,938 68,442 5,051,093 576,043
Population with Limited English Proficiency by Language Spoken and Home (4-Category)
Report Area Spanish Other Indo-European Languages Asian and Pacific Island Languages Other Languages Island Languages
Franklin County, PA 2,200 530 361 70
Pennsylvania 215,745 139,544 115,710 21,287
United States 16,305,893 3,442,377 4,781,210 881,276
Indo-European Language Speaking Population by Language Spoken at Home, Part 1
Report Area French or French Creole Italian Portuguese German Yiddish West Germanic Languages Scandinavian Languages Greek
Franklin County, PA 100 31 10 0 0 131 44 22
Pennsylvania 15,348 11,069 4,759 465 156 21,478 412 3,695
United States 592,482 177,024 251,806 105,577 57,092 76,541 12,442 74,712
Indo-European Language Speaking Population by Language Spoken at Home, Part 2
Report Area Russian Polish Serbo-Croatian Other Slavic Languages Armenian Persian Gujarati Hindi Urdu Other Indic Languages All Other Indo-European Languages
Franklin County, PA 19 13 18 0 133 0 0 9 0 0 0
Pennsylvania 18,396 7,151 3,104 6,445 8,867 1,865 7,156 4,970 2,806 13,745 7,657
United States 411,921 221,222 96,852 121,444 157,885 153,523 134,908 149,009 127,248 360,123 160,566
Asian and Pacific Island Language Speaking Population by Language Spoken at Home
Report Area Chinese Japanese Korean Vietnamese Hmong Khmer / Cambodian Thai Tagalog Laotian Other Pacific Islander Languages Other Asian Languages
Franklin County, PA 222 0 19 34 0 0 18 43 12 0 13
Pennsylvania 46,768 2,795 13,918 23,699 531 6,673 1,031 4,808 910 1,966 12,611
United States 1,726,921 192,039 613,011 859,295 94,102 112,275 82,428 538,482 72,145 165,443 325,069
Other Language Speaking Population by Language Spoken at Home
Report Area Navajo Other Native North American Languages Hungarian Arabic Hebrew African Languages All Other Languages
Franklin County, PA 0 0 38 9 0 11 12
Pennsylvania 72 107 838 11,521 1,024 7,203 522
United States 32,732 28,578 23,364 386,037 33,939 315,638 60,988
Website Updated October 2017

Population Age 00-00

Data Background

The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide, continuous survey designed to provide communities with reliable and timely demographic, housing, social, and economic data. The ACS samples nearly 3 million addresses each year, resulting in nearly 2 million final interviews. The ACS replaces the long-form decennial census; however, the number of household surveys reported annually for the ACS is significantly less than the number reported in the long-form decennial census. As a result, the ACS combines detailed population and housing data from multiple years to produce reliable estimates for small counties, neighborhoods, and other local areas. Negotiating between timeliness and accuracy, the ACS annually releases current, one-year estimates for geographic areas with large populations; three-year and five-year estimates are also released each year for additional areas based on minimum population thresholds.

Citation: U.S. Census Bureau: A Compass for Understanding and Using American Community Survey Data (2008).

For more information about this source, including data collection methodology and definitions, refer to the American Community Survey website.

Methodology

Population counts for population by language proficiency and total area population data are acquired from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. Data represent estimates for the 5 year period 2011-2015. Mapped data are summarized to 2010 census tract boundaries. Persons are considered to have limited English proficiency they indicated that they spoke a language other than English, and if they spoke English less than "very well". Persons are considered to live in linguistically isolated households if no one in the household over age 14 speaks English "well" or "very well". Area demographic statistics are measured as a percentage of the total population aged 5+ based on the following formula:
Percentage = [Subgroup Population] / [Total Population 5+] * 100

For more information on the data reported in the American Community Survey, please see the complete American Community Survey 2015 Subject Definitions.

Notes

Race and Ethnicity
Race and ethnicity (Hispanic origin) are collected as two separate categories in the American Community Survey (ACS) based on methods established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 1997. Indicator race and ethnicity statistics are generated from self-identified survey responses. Using the OMB standard, the available race categories in the ACS are: White, Black, American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian, and Other. An ACS survey respondent may identify as one race alone, or may choose multiple races. Respondents selecting multiple categories are racially identified as “Two or More Races”. The minimum ethnicity categories are: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino. Respondents may only choose one ethnicity. All social and economic data are reported in the ACS public use files by race alone, ethnicity alone, and for the white non-Hispanic population.

Data Limitations
Beginning in 2006, the population in group quarters (GQ) was included in the ACS. The part of the group quarters population in the language universe (for example, people living in group homes or those living in agriculture workers’ dormitories) may have different levels of English proficiency than the general population. Direct comparisons of the data would likely result in erroneous conclusions about the English language proficiency of all people living in the area..

Courtesy: Community Commons, <www.communitycommons.org>, October 2017