Population with Limited English Proficiency

This indicator reports the percentage of the population aged 5 and older who speak a language other than English at home and speak English less than "very well." This indicator is relevant because an inability to speak English well creates barriers to healthcare access, provider communications, and health literacy/education.
Report Area Population Age 5+ Population Age 5+ with Limited English Proficiency Percent Population Age 5+ with Limited English Proficiency
Franklin County, PA 141,860 3,223 2.27%
Pennsylvania 12,038,788 486,414 4.04%
United States 294,133,388 25,305,204 8.6%
Data Source: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey. 2010-14. Source geography: Tract

Population with Limited English Proficiency by Ethnicity Alone
Report Area Total Hispanic / Latino Total Not Hispanic / Latino Percent Hispanic / Latino Percent Not Hispanic / Latino
Franklin County, PA 2,169 1,054 35.4% 0.78%
Pennsylvania 200,531 285,883 28.67% 2.52%
United States 15,881,488 9,423,716 33.12% 3.83%
Population with Limited English Proficiency by Race Alone, Percent
Report Area White Black or African American Native American / Alaska Native Asian Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander Some Other Race Multiple Race
Franklin County, PA 1.76% 0.08% 0.01% 0.27% 0% 0.26% 0.05%
Pennsylvania 2.31% 0.33% 0.03% 1.34% 0.01% 0.73% 0.16%
United States 5.99% 0.49% 0.08% 2.37% 0.03% 2.34% 0.27%
Population with Limited English Proficiency by Race Alone, Total
Report Area White Black or African American Native American / Alaska Native Asian Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander Some Other Race Multiple Race
Franklin County, PA 2,336 111 7 357 0 349 63
Pennsylvania 229,222 32,604 2,778 132,703 717 72,544 15,846
United States 13,086,149 1,070,530 179,889 5,189,860 67,519 5,120,391 590,864
Population with Limited English Proficiency by Language Spoken and Home (4-Category)
Report Area Spanish Other Indo-European Languages Asian and Pacific Island Languages Other Languages Island Languages
Franklin County, PA 2,249 594 300 80
Pennsylvania 215,529 137,796 112,684 20,405
United States 16,346,401 3,436,072 4,673,798 848,931
Indo-European Language Speaking Population by Language Spoken at Home, Part 1
Report Area French or French Creole Italian Portuguese German Yiddish West Germanic Languages Scandinavian Languages Greek
Franklin County, PA 96 39 11 0 0 119 57 24
Pennsylvania 16,600 12,079 5,087 489 193 20,010 460 3,636
United States 589,942 184,486 260,335 108,006 55,919 74,335 13,493 74,455
Indo-European Language Speaking Population by Language Spoken at Home, Part 2
Report Area Russian Polish Serbo-Croatian Other Slavic Languages Armenian Persian Gujarati Hindi Urdu Other Indic Languages All Other Indo-European Languages
Franklin County, PA 29 19 14 0 107 0 56 11 0 0 12
Pennsylvania 17,418 7,030 3,247 6,516 9,444 1,354 7,231 4,744 2,465 12,206 7,587
United States 414,793 229,514 101,645 121,952 166,129 148,184 133,147 139,877 123,284 325,486 160,090
Asian and Pacific Island Language Speaking Population by Language Spoken at Home
Report Area Chinese Japanese Korean Vietnamese Hmong Khmer / Cambodian Thai Tagalog Laotian Other Pacific Islander Languages Other Asian Languages
Franklin County, PA 159 0 21 38 0 0 0 57 13 0 12
Pennsylvania 43,089 2,773 14,783 23,912 508 6,820 1,036 4,305 1,273 2,040 12,145
United States 1,659,508 191,272 620,149 850,087 94,149 112,296 81,842 525,392 74,861 164,402 299,840
Other Language Speaking Population by Language Spoken at Home
Report Area Navajo Other Native North American Languages Hungarian Arabic Hebrew African Languages All Other Languages
Franklin County, PA 0 7 39 10 0 12 12
Pennsylvania 66 141 924 11,150 997 6,631 496
United States 33,822 29,067 24,885 366,927 34,362 298,367 61,501
Website Updated August 2016

Population Age 00-00

Data Background

The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide, continuous survey designed to provide communities with reliable and timely demographic, housing, social, and economic data. The ACS samples nearly 3 million addresses each year, resulting in nearly 2 million final interviews. The ACS replaces the long-form decennial census; however, the number of household surveys reported annually for the ACS is significantly less than the number reported in the long-form decennial census. As a result, the ACS combines detailed population and housing data from multiple years to produce reliable estimates for small counties, neighborhoods, and other local areas. Negotiating between timeliness and accuracy, the ACS annually releases current, one-year estimates for geographic areas with large populations; three-year and five-year estimates are also released each year for additional areas based on minimum population thresholds.

Citation: U.S. Census Bureau: A Compass for Understanding and Using American Community Survey Data (2008).

For more information about this source, including data collection methodology and definitions, refer to the American Community Survey website.

Methodology

Population counts for population by language proficiency and total area population data are acquired from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. Data represent estimates for the 5 year period 2010-2014. Mapped data are summarized to 2010 census tract boundaries. Persons are considered to have limited English proficiency they indicated that they spoke a language other than English, and if they spoke English less than "very well". Persons are considered to live in linguistically isolated households if no one in the household over age 14 speaks English "well" or "very well". Area demographic statistics are measured as a percentage of the total population aged 5+ based on the following formula:
Percentage = [Subgroup Population] / [Total Population 5+] * 100

For more information on the data reported in the American Community Survey, please see the complete American Community Survey 2014 Subject Definitions.

Notes

Race and Ethnicity
Race and ethnicity (Hispanic origin) are collected as two separate categories in the American Community Survey (ACS) based on methods established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 1997. Indicator race and ethnicity statistics are generated from self-identified survey responses. Using the OMB standard, the available race categories in the ACS are: White, Black, American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian, and Other. An ACS survey respondent may identify as one race alone, or may choose multiple races. Respondents selecting multiple categories are racially identified as “Two or More Races”. The minimum ethnicity categories are: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino. Respondents may only choose one ethnicity. All social and economic data are reported in the ACS public use files by race alone, ethnicity alone, and for the white non-Hispanic population.

Data Limitations
Beginning in 2006, the population in group quarters (GQ) was included in the ACS. The part of the group quarters population in the language universe (for example, people living in group homes or those living in agriculture workers’ dormitories) may have different levels of English proficiency than the general population. Direct comparisons of the data would likely result in erroneous conclusions about the English language proficiency of all people living in the area..

Courtesy: Community Commons, <www.communitycommons.org>, August 2016