Population Receiving SNAP Benefits (ACS)

This indicator reports the estimated percentage of households receiving the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits. This indicator is relevant because it assesses vulnerable populations which are more likely to have multiple health access, health status, and social support needs; when combined with poverty data, providers can use this measure to identify gaps in eligibility and enrolment.
Report Area Total Households Households Receiving SNAP Benefits Percent Households Receiving SNAP Benefits
Franklin County, PA 58,298 5,479 9.4%
Pennsylvania 4,957,736 619,281 12.49%
United States 116,211,088 15,089,358 12.8%
Note: This Indicator is compared with the state average. Green - Better than state average, Red - Worse than state average.
Data Source: US Census Bureau, American Community Survey. 2010-14. Source geography: Tract

Households Receiving SNAP Benefits by Race/Ethnicity, Percent
Report Area Total Population Non-Hispanic White Black Asian American Indian / Alaska Native Other Race Multiple Race Hispanic / Latino
Franklin County, PA 9.4% 8.08% 31.22% 1.94% 68.57% 27.04% 17.46% 24.33%
Pennsylvania 12.49% 8.63% 32.77% 10.03% 32.82% 42.06% 28.36% 35.32%
United States 12.98% 7.99% 28.07% 7.42% 26.45% 24.04% 20.23% 22.24%
Households Receiving SNAP Benefits by Race/Ethnicity, Total
Report Area Non-Hispanic White Black Asian American Indian / Alaska Native Other Race Multiple Race Hispanic / Latino
Franklin County, PA 4,487 512 7 72 73 73 354
Pennsylvania 364,157 161,285 11,677 2,669 28,180 15,363 75,091
United States 7,220,308 3,941,154 363,838 217,730 930,205 418,413 3,124,598
Households Receiving SNAP Benefits, Disparity Index
Report Area Disparity Index Score
(0 = No Disparity; 1 - 40 = Some Disparity; Over 40 = High Disparity)
Franklin County, PA 132.15
Pennsylvania 120.16
United States 62.62
Website Updated August 2016

Population Receiving SNAP Benefits (ACS)

Data Background

The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide, continuous survey designed to provide communities with reliable and timely demographic, housing, social, and economic data. The ACS samples nearly 3 million addresses each year, resulting in nearly 2 million final interviews. The ACS replaces the long-form decennial census; however, the number of household surveys reported annually for the ACS is significantly less than the number reported in the long-form decennial census. As a result, the ACS combines detailed population and housing data from multiple years to produce reliable estimates for small counties, neighborhoods, and other local areas. Negotiating between timeliness and accuracy, the ACS annually releases current, one-year estimates for geographic areas with large populations; three-year and five-year estimates are also released each year for additional areas based on minimum population thresholds.

Citation: U.S. Census Bureau: A Compass for Understanding and Using American Community Survey Data (2008).

For more information about this source, including data collection methodology and definitions, refer to the American Community Survey website.


Population counts for household program participation and total household data are acquired from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey. Data represent estimates for the 5 year period 2010-2014. Mapped data are summarized to 2010 census tract boundaries. This indicator is a measure of household-level SNAP participation based on survey response about "receipts of food stamps or a food stamp benefit card in the past 12 months" by one or more household members. Area statistics are measured as a percentage of total occupied households based on the following formula:

Percentage = [Participating Households] / [Total Households] * 100

For more information on the data reported in the American Community Survey, please see the complete American Community Survey 2014 Subject Definitions.


Race and Ethnicity
Race and ethnicity (Hispanic origin) are collected as two separate categories in the American Community Survey (ACS) based on methods established by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) in 1997. Indicator race and ethnicity statistics are generated from self-identified survey responses. Using the OMB standard, the available race categories in the ACS are: White, Black, American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian, and Other. An ACS survey respondent may identify as one race alone, or may choose multiple races. Respondents selecting multiple categories are racially identified as “Two or More Races”. The minimum ethnicity categories are: Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino. Respondents may only choose one ethnicity. All social and economic data are reported in the ACS public use files by race alone, ethnicity alone, and for the white non-Hispanic population.

Courtesy: Community Commons, <www.communitycommons.org>, August 2016