Population Receiving SNAP Benefits (SAIPE)

This indicator reports the average percentage of the population receiving the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits between the months of July 2012 and July 2013. This indicator is relevant because it assesses vulnerable populations which are more likely to have multiple health access, health status, and social support needs; when combined with poverty data, providers can use this measure to identify gaps in eligibility and enrollment.
Report Area Total Population Households Receiving SNAP Benefits Percent Households Receiving SNAP Benefits
Franklin County, PA 149,432 16,397 11%
Pennsylvania 12,320,102 1,795,656 14.6%
United States 295,309,825 46,732,618 15.8%
Note: This Indicator is compared with the state average. Green - Better than state average, Red - Worse than state average.
Data Source: US Census Bureau, Small Area Income & Poverty Estimates. 2013. Source geography: Tract

Percent Population Receiving SNAP Benefits by Year, 2005-2013
Report Area 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Franklin County, PA 4.61% 4.66% 4.87% 5.85% 7.92% 9.53% 10.78% 10.82% 10.97%
Pennsylvania 9.08% 9.34% 9.77% 10.7% 12.51% 13.71% 14.55% 14.44% 14.58%
United States 9.05% 9% 9.38% 10.68% 12.94% 14.5% 15.19% 15.49% 15.82%
Website Updated August 2016

Population Receiving SNAP Benefits (SAIPE)

Data Background

The U.S. Census Bureau's Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE) provides annual estimates at the state, county, and school district level of income and poverty statistics for the administration of federal programs. This data is used to supplement the income and poverty estimates available from the American Community Survey (ACS), which only releases single-year estimates for counties and other areas with population size of 65,000 or more. SAIPE data is modeled using estimates by combining survey data (from the American Community Survey) with population estimates and administrative records (from the SNAP Benefit Program and SSA Administration). For school districts, the SAIPE program uses the model-based county estimates and inputs from federal tax information and multi-year survey data.

For more information, please refer to the US Census Bureau's Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates website.


Counts of the number of persons receiving SNAP benefits are obtained for the SAIPE datasets by the Census Bureau from the United States Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service (USDA/FNS). In most states, the SNAP recipient numerator represents the total count of participants for the month of July in the estimation year. In a few cases, however, states only provided data only for other reference periods. Population estimates are obtained for the SAIPE datasets from the US Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program (PEP). Indicator percentages are summarized from the data inputs based on the following formula:

Percentage = SUM [SNAP Recipients] / [Total Population] * 100

For more information about the data used in these estimates, please visit the Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates website and view the provided Information About Data Inputs.


Race and Ethnicity
Statistics by race and ethnicity are not provided for this indicator from the data source. Detailed race/ethnicity data may be available at a broader geographic level, or from a local source.

Courtesy: Community Commons, <www.communitycommons.org>, August 2016