Access to Primary Care

This indicator reports the number of primary care physicians per 100,000 population. Doctors classified as "primary care physicians" by the AMA include: General Family Medicine MDs and DOs, General Practice MDs and DOs, General Internal Medicine MDs and General Pediatrics MDs. Physicians age 75 and over and physicians practicing sub-specialties within the listed specialties are excluded. This indicator is relevant because a shortage of health professionals contributes to access and health status issues.
Report Area Total Population, 2014 Primary Care Physicians, 2014 Primary Care Physicians,
Rate per 100,000 Pop.
Franklin County, PA 152,892 98 64.1
Pennsylvania 12,787,209 12,643 98.9
United States 318,857,056 279,871 87.8
Note: This indicator is compared with the state average. Green - Better than state average, Red - Worse than state average.
Data Source: US Department of Health & Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Area Health Resource File. 2014. Source geography: County

Access to Primary Care, Rate (Per 100,000 Pop.) by Year, 2004 through 2014
Report Area 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Franklin County, PA 51.9 53.13 51.43 53.65 55.05 59.31 61.49 62.99 66.1 66.41 64.1
Pennsylvania 82.7 82.12 82.25 82.46 82.51 89.09 95.95 97.53 97.46 99.17 98.87
United States 80.76 80.94 80.54 80.38 80.16 82.22 84.57 85.83 86.66 87.76 87.77
Website Updated December 11 2017 Site Reviewed January 05 2018

Access to Primary Care

Data Background

The Area Health Resource File (AHRF) is a database of information about the U.S. health care system, maintained and released annually by the U.S. Health and Human Services (HHS) Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA). The AHRF contains more than 6,000 variables, aggregated for each of the nation's counties. The ARF contains information on health facilities, health professions, health status, economic activity, health training programs, measures of resource scarcity, and socioeconomic and environmental characteristics. In addition, the basic file contains geographic codes and descriptors which enable it to be linked to many other files and to aggregate counties into various geographic groupings.

The ARF integrates data from numerous primary data sources including: the American Hospital Association, the American Medical Association, the American Dental Association, the American Osteopathic Association, the Bureau of the Census, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (formerly Health Care Financing Administration), Bureau of Labor Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics and the Veteran’s Administration.

For more information, please visit HRSA’s Area Health Resource File website.


Data for this indicator are acquired from the 2015-16 Area Health Resource File database. For this indicator, the 2015-16 AHRF reports figures based on the 2010-2014 American Medical Association (AMA) Physician Masterfiles (Copyright). Doctors classified as "primary care physicians" by the AMA include M.D.s and D.O.s in the fields of: General Family Medicine, General Practice, General Internal Medicine and General Pediatrics. Physicians age 75 and over and physicians practicing sub-specialties within the listed specialties are excluded. Data is tabulated for physicians practicing office-based patient care only. Non-patient care practitioners include administrators, medical teachers, researchers, etc. Rates are calculated per 100,000 total population using the following formula:

Provider Rate = [ Number of Primary Care Physicians] / [ Total Population ] * 100,000

Population figures in the AHRF are from the U.S. Census Bureau's Annual Resident Population Estimates, Estimated Components of Resident Population Change and Rates of the Components of Resident Population Change for States and Counties: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015. For detailed documentation, please view the documentation included in the 2015-2016 AHRF, which can be downloaded here.


Race and Ethnicity
Statistics by race and ethnicity are not provided for this indicator.

Courtesy: Community Commons, <>, November 2017